An Analysis of Contracts and Relationships between Supercomputing Centers and Electricity Service Providers
TimeWednesday, June 27th2:45pm - 3:15pm
DescriptionIncreases in peak electricity demands and the growing use of renewable energy - with associated intermittency and variable output - present new challenges to electricity service providers (ESPs). ESPs employ demand charges, variable tariffs and demand response (DR) programs to influence the consumption behavior of consumers to partially mitigate these challenges. Due to their high load and potential flexibility, supercomputing centers (SCs) are increasingly gaining importance in the grid. This paper presents a qualitative study of service contracts between ESPs and SCs in the United States and Europe. The purpose of this study is two-fold. On one hand, we extract a contract typology used to understand how, and to what extent, variable tariffs, DR programs, and demand charges are imposed on SCs. Further, we shed light on the actions taken by SCs in
response to these contractual elements. Finally, relative to this background, the paper presents perspectives on grid integration of SCs to enhance their collaboration with their ESPs to benefit supply stability and resilience.